Total Hip Replacement (THR), also known as Total Hip Arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure commonly performed to replace a damaged or arthritic hip joint with an artificial joint, known as a prosthesis. This procedure aims to relieve pain, improve mobility, and enhance the overall function of the hip joint. THR is typically recommended for individuals who have severe hip pain and limited mobility due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, hip fractures, or other hip joint disorders.

Here is an overview of the Total Hip Replacement procedure:

1. Preoperative Assessment:

Before the surgery, the patient undergoes a thorough medical evaluation and imaging tests (such as X-rays and MRI scans) to assess the condition of the hip joint and plan the surgical approach.

2. Anesthesia:

Total Hip Replacement is performed under general anesthesia or regional anesthesia (epidural or spinal anesthesia). The choice of anesthesia depends on the patient’s health and the surgeon’s preference.

3. Incision:

An incision is made on the side of the hip to access the hip joint. The size and location of the incision may vary depending on the surgical technique used.

4. Removal of Damaged Joint Components:

The surgeon carefully removes the damaged bone and cartilage from the hip joint, including the femoral head (the ball) and the acetabulum (the socket).

5. Preparation of the Bone:

The remaining bone surfaces are prepared to receive the artificial joint components. The femoral component, typically made of metal, is implanted into the hollowed-out femur. The acetabular component, often made of metal or ceramic, is placed in the hip socket.

6. Implantation of Prosthesis:

The femoral head component is attached to a stem that fits into the femur. The acetabular component is secured in the hip socket, and a liner is placed inside it to provide a smooth articulating surface.

7. Closure:

The incision is closed using sutures or staples, and the surgical site is dressed and bandaged.

8. Recovery and Rehabilitation:

After the surgery, the patient is closely monitored in a recovery area before being transferred to a hospital room. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are crucial components of the recovery process. Patients are typically encouraged to start moving the hip joint soon after surgery to promote healing and prevent complications.

9. Follow-up:

Patients are usually scheduled for follow-up appointments to monitor their recovery, address any concerns, and ensure that the hip joint is healing properly.

Total Hip Replacement is a major surgical procedure that requires careful planning, skilled surgical techniques, and comprehensive post-operative care. While it can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with hip joint issues, it’s essential to have a detailed consultation with an orthopedic surgeon to discuss the procedure, risks, benefits, and expectations based on your individual condition and needs.

A good candidate for Total Hip Replacement (THR)

Here are conditions or symptoms that indicate someone is a suitable candidate for THR:

Severe Hip Pain: Candidates should have persistent and severe hip pain that significantly affects their daily activities, sleep, and overall quality of life. This pain is often not adequately managed with non-surgical treatments like medications, physical therapy, or lifestyle changes.

Functional Limitations: Candidates should experience limitations in their ability to perform routine activities such as walking, bending, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of chairs due to hip joint problems.

Osteoarthritis or Other Hip Conditions: Conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, hip fractures, or other degenerative or inflammatory joint diseases are common indications for THR.

Failed Conservative Treatments: Candidates who have tried and found little relief from non-surgical treatments (such as pain medications, assistive devices, physical therapy, and injections) may be considered for THR.

Age and Health Status: While age is a factor, it’s not the sole determinant. People of various ages can be candidates for THR if their overall health status is good enough to undergo surgery. Factors like chronic health conditions, heart health, and overall fitness are taken into consideration.

Pain Impact: The pain and functional limitations should be significant enough to justify the surgical intervention and potential rehabilitation.

Preoperative preparation is a crucial step before undergoing Total Hip Replacement (THR). Proper preparation helps ensure the surgery goes smoothly and that the patient has the best possible outcome. Here are some key steps and considerations for preoperative preparation before a total hip replacement:

 Preoperative preparation before Total Hip Replacement (THR)

Your orthopedic surgeon will conduct a thorough medical evaluation to assess your overall health and identify any underlying medical conditions that could affect the surgery or recovery.

Discuss your medical history, current medications (including supplements and over-the-counter drugs), allergies, and previous surgeries.

Imaging and Tests:

X-rays, MRI scans, or other imaging tests will be performed to assess the extent of damage to your hip joint and plan for the surgery.

Blood tests and other laboratory tests may be conducted to evaluate your blood count, clotting ability, and overall health.

Medical Optimization:

If you have chronic medical conditions like diabetes, heart disease, or hypertension, your healthcare provider will work with you to optimize your health before surgery.

Medication Review:

Your surgeon will review your current medications to determine which ones need to be continued, stopped, or adjusted before the surgery.

Blood-thinning medications like aspirin or anticoagulants may need to be adjusted to reduce the risk of bleeding during surgery.

Smoking and Alcohol:

If you smoke, quitting smoking before surgery can significantly improve healing and reduce the risk of complications.

Limit alcohol consumption as advised by your healthcare provider.

Weight Management:

Achieve and maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on your hip joint and enhance surgical outcomes.


Colorectal Surgery

Upper GI endoscopy & Colonoscopy Service

Bariatric Surgery

Gynecological Surgery

Gynecological Surgery